By Eva Liu Glick

International Integration Spectrum Models

There are 3 general approaches for ISM to take place in an integrated context, as there are 3 ways to use ice cream toppings. 

  • Blended in - ISM with no apparent or separate ministry structures)
  • Sprinkled on Top - ISM as an extension that is closely connected to the chapter
  • On the Side - ISM as separate entity from main chapter or a separate chapter with strong ties to undergrad/grad chapter
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